Fishing practices in the Philippines have deteriorated rapidly in recent years. The standard of living has risen so fast that fishers are struggling to find a stronghold in their profits. Affect of sustenance is occurring in more ways than one. According to one fisherman, he has to wander further out to the seas with his trawler as the average catches daily is not enough for his livelihood.
Supplemental activities like farming, gardening, and livestock take a hit when these fishermen wander out to sea longer than needed. “Fishing is my primary occupation which I perform across the year, but my profits have degraded rapidly in the past few years. It is saddening to see fishing markets in the Philippines are so poor that it cannot sustain its fishermen,” said a fisherman.
Fishing Practices: The Problems And Hazards
When the Philippines administration brought in foreign investors into excavating its oceanic resources, the local fishing teams suffered. Because of these administration projects and arrangements, Japanese – just as American, Canadian, and Australian ship merchants- have considerably expanded their population in Philippine waters.
A United Nations act allowed countries to expand marine territories. The Philippines adhered to that, but that proved costly. While they built seaports and cold storage facilities with the assistance of international loans, other countries were busy depleting the state of its treasured resources.
These companies have presented more noteworthy utilization of huge scale trawlers and tote seiners – new strategies that have brought all the more offshore assets under development and have helped increment all out yearly Philippine marine fish creation to more than one million metric tons at a reasonable estimation of 400 million USD per annum.
The Amity Treaty And Its Outcomes
The Philippine-Japan Amity Treaty of 1973, mediated by the UN, brought a marine revolution between the two nations. The Treaty allowed both the countries to excavate each other’s natural resources and use it for their purposes. The Philippines raised a huge hue and cry after the Treaty. According to them, Japan receives more profits from this deal. According to the former, there is little to scavenge in the Japanese territorial waters as a majority of it is polluted with industrial waste. On the other hand, the Philippines’ territory is rich in marine resources having more value than the Japanese resources.
Critics in the Philippines stood against the said Treaty and resisted it from implementation for ten years. During President Marcos’s regime, there was an initiation of martial law. During this martial law, Marcos brought this Treaty into the application. This happened amidst massive protests from people who survived on water bodies for livelihood.
The Overview Of The National Issue
There is a scheme to attract local fishermen to work for international fishing corporations. The fishermen refuse to do the same looking at strict schedules and exploitative pay. Sometimes, to a developing class of non-fishing proprietors. With expanded capital venture and overhead costs, these companies have assumed a significant job in financing the new, increasingly capital-concentrated fishing practices. They are ordinarily urban-based agents. They are broadly isolated from their groups through pay, training, and culture.