Carp, as we all know, is a popular fish that has some distinct features. It is a freshwater fish with some specifications and a broad sense of adaptability. The common carp fish is also popularly known as European Carp, and it is mostly found in lakes and larger rivers all over Asia and Europe. Though found across the globe, the common carp fish is declared as vulnerable by the IUCN. Also, it is one of the destructive invasive species according to the list of the world’s endangered species.
Every part of the world used to be full of common carp fish in the past. Today, there are few countries to introduce this species of fish. The farming of carp fish is an ancient practice that dates back to the Roman era. This fish is mostly used for eating purpose and pest purposes in some specific regions. About 2000 years ago, this species of fish became popular in the inland delta of the Danube River. The two subspecies of this fish, the Asian and the European, have been domesticated by people for decades. During the 13th and 16th centuries, the European monks started to popularize the fish more for eating purposes. Now, let us know in more detail about the common carp fish.
Common Carp: Physical Features
There are various sizes of the Carp fishes across the globe. As a heavy-bodied fish in general, this has a length about four times more than some of the other common species. On either side of the upper jaw, there are barbells visible, and one can quickly identify them from these features. The color of a Carp fish also has a wide variety, which ranges from green or yellow to brown or silver. With their yellowish-white belly, they swim across the freshwater and look fantastic from the upper surface of the water. Some of the most striking features of this fish are the dorsal fin, which has 17-21 rays. Also, the heavy tooth spine of the anal fin and dorsal fin look exceptional.
Common Carp: Breeding
The common carp fish may take one to two years to grown, and the male fish generally grows in one year. The female carp fish might take two years to grow ultimately and develop sticky eggs for reproduction. A baby carp stays with the mother up to a certain age and then becomes independent as it matures gradually. It may take up to three to six months for them to adapt to the nature around them. Once they know and learn their essential life skills, they can change more striking life skills on their own. They are omnivorous and eat both plants like water plants and animals like insects, crawfish, and benthic worms.
From late April to June is the time for the carp fish to produce eggs, and hypohydration is the process known scientifically. The farming and hunting of the carp fish is one of the most popular sports today, and therefore, the fish has grown excellent life skills, making them tougher to get caught.